Workbench is a typical jewelers bench used professionally. It has a tray to catch filings and small pieces of metal, the sliding armrest and the bench pin. The better benches have a hard wood (usually maple) top and a sliding tray of galvanized iron. It should be as near to a window as possible for proper light. It is best to use a low chair or stool (14" high) when working at the bench. In addition to a jewelers workbench, a jeweler should try to acquire a metalworking bench for heavy work, which has provision to mount a vise, drill press, stakes, and a surface plate, & should be at least two inches thick. The height of an average metalworking bench is three feets; it should be firmly attached to the floor. Good lighting is essential for jewelry making. You can lay hands on a fixed or adjustable fluorescent & incandescent lamp.
For making very fine jewelry, it is indispensable to wear a clip-on magnifier, which can be attached to regular glasses, or a headband magnifier, which is available with interchangeable lenses, or to use an eyeglass loupe, or an eye loupe.
Combination Bench pin and anvil
The combination bench pin and anvil for sawing, filing, and light hammering is suggested to craftsmen who do not have a regular jewelers workbench.
A 2 1/2" X 2 21/2" hardened steel bench block about 1" thick is very desirable for flattening, forging and stamping metals.
A small jewelers anvil is handy for shaping and stretching bezel settings, and for forging thin wires.
A 3" or larger jawed bench vise mounted on a utility or metal smithing bench can be used for sawing, filing and stone settings.
It is used for drilling, setting, polishing, etc. The outfit is either suspended from the jewelers bench, a wall, or the ceiling. There are several types of chucks available for the flexible shaft, which can house various sizes of drills, burs, grinding stones, and polishing buffs.
A small high-speed drill press controlled by a foot rheostat is excellent for drilling small, accurately placed holes.
Any electric motor can be converted into a buffing machine by attaching a tapered spindle, a double shafted 1/3 horse power motor is preferred for craftsmen.
A rolling mill is requisite for professional work. Flat mill can reduce the thickness of sheet metal, the square can form square bars, which can be flattened into strips or drawn into wire. With a mill, filings and small pieces of metal can be melted and easily rolled into sheet of wire.
The bench shear is used for cutting metals up to 3/16" thick.
The balance, or scale is ideal for weighing gold and silver: Platinum and diamonds are more sensitive, glass enclosed balances are available that have sensitivity of 1/200 of a carat. Many jewellery manufacturers use electronic digital scale to weigh metal, castings, or finished jewelry.
The purpose of soldering equipment is to provide a clean, hot flame quickly and inexpensively for rapid soldering. Since soldering is very vital in jewelry work.
A plumbers torch using white, unleaded gasoline can be used for jewelry soldering.
A soldering area can either be prepared or purchased for soldering and annealing.